Historical development - roll as the ball got
The highly complicated pinball is actually a variation of the game bagatelle. Bagatelle is the game of marbles, which had to be sunk in holes with different values. The first Bagatelle games already existed in Greek culture and then re-emerged in a number of European royal houses middle of the 17th Century.
The big three manufacturers of the later
Pinballindustrie BALLY, WILLIAMS GOTTLIEB and
the boom of Bagatelle games began in 1871.
The first patent was filed by a Mr. Redgrave from Cincinnati, Ohio. The innovation was called in English Plunger, with which the ball was shot at the pitch of the ball deduction. Beginning in 1901, these slot machines were equipped with coin slot and later also with glass cover.
It was not until 1920 after 1 World War II was the development of the Bagatelles on.
In 1930 appeared for the first time the
big names such as Harry and David WILLIAMS GOTTLIEB with their devices Whiffleund the famous Ballyhoo, which at only 16 U.S. $ 75,000 was sold once on.
Over 100 companies, including the jukebox company started with the production of similar games.
Harry Williams, it was back to write reserved pinball history in which he included with 6 V batteries electricity in the game boxes and certain playfield parts illuminated.
Then came Transformers and Tiltpendel
into the devices. The Tiltpendel prevented to violent shaking on the devices.
To get more action game that the game introduced the Bumper, which means of contact points scored by touching the ball. Chicago Coin's also been with the Buckaroo (15 Bumper at this time before 1940 already on the market).
Ended As with the jukeboxes 1942 2 World War Pinball production or took a break, because most manufacturers turn produced weapons parts.
Historical development - as the flippers were born
" 1947 " the time had come , the GOTTLIEB engineer Harry Maps invented more or less by chance the mobile pinball - those little oval , surrounded by a rubber ring plastic parts, which got its name from the people in Germany and also in France.
The Flipper idea came from a bumper, which was driven by chance , without which the ball activated the contact. The first devices that Flipper was still moving at the same time , now the most common use is the separate control of the left and right flipper finger with the left and right push buttons.
Very modern electronic devices can even do it in the particular game formations inversieren the Flipper (function upside down) and left and right to swap . In the 50's the Backglasses (flipper discs ) were animated with a dancing ballerina , a bucking horse or the like. Here was GOTTLIEB the number 1 in the industry.
In 1954, super- jumbo on the market , the first pinball machine with 4 counters which 4 games could be measured at the same time - until then there was only 1-man units .
Beginning of 1960, the era of the lights finally went over and diemechanischen counters took over the scoring .
Now, many features have been invented , such as the
Drop targets ( retractable goals )
The Spinner (horizontal rotating target )
Open Gate features (after meeting a certain goal , a goal and the ball was open again to the ball deduction roll back )
Zipper Flipper ( Flipper joined )
Multiball (several balls at the same time came into play )
Up Mail ( cylinder between the flippers , which prevented the departure of the ball )
Bonus conductor ( points were collected and added to the end of the ball )
and much more. From the 70's there was again a significant change , the usual short 5 cm short flippers were replaced by 7.5 cm long flippers.
In 1976, the era of electromechanical counters came to an end and there came the electronic meters and thus sound, music and more vertebrae, and sound into play. In the late 80 - ies then the electronic meters have been replaced by multi-function displays ( dot matrix ) . The last pinball, which were built had already installed screens and mirror technology and 2001, the last major pinball manufacturer WILLIAMS ceasing production .